Long Island is an island located in southeastern New York, USA, its western shores directly across from Manhattan, from which the island stretches northeast into the Atlantic Ocean. It contains four counties, two of which (Queens and Kings) are boroughs (Queens and Brooklyn) of New York City, and two of which (Nassau and Suffolk) are suburbs of that city. Long Island Sound is the body of water between its northern shore and the state of Connecticut.
True to its name, Long Island is much longer than it is wide, extending 118 miles (190 km) from New York Harbor, and it varies in width from 12 to 23 miles (19 to 37 km) between the northern Long Island Sound coast and the southern Atlantic coast. With an area of 1,401 square miles (3,629 km2), Long Island is the largest island in the continental United States and the 149th largest island in the world. It is connected to the mainland by several bridges and tunnels through New York City, and ferries to Connecticut from Suffolk County.
Long Island had a population of 7,448,618 as of the 2000 census, with the population estimated at 7,559,372 as of July 1, 2006, making it the most populated island in any U.S. state or territory. It is also the 17th most populous island in the world, ahead of Ireland, Jamaica and the Japanese island of Hokkaido. Its population density is 5,470 people per square mile (2,110 per km2).
|Long Island-NYC Offshore Wind Project Advances With Approval For Federal Lease Application, June 30  "To achieve our PlaNYC goals of improving air quality, increasing the reliability of our energy network, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions 30 percent by the year 2030, we must develop renewable sources of electricity," Michael Bloomberg, mayor, City of New York.|
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