El Salvador (República de El Salvado) is a country in Central America. It borders on the Pacific Ocean between Guatemala and Honduras. It lies on the Gulf of Fonseca, as does Nicaragua further south. With a population of approximately 7 million people (July 2008 Census) on 21,000 km2, it is the most densely populated nation in Central America, and is smaller in size than the neighboring countries. The capital city of San Salvador is the most important metropolis of the republic.